Page: 623-631 Author: Settari, O. Key words: hudební vzdělávání v Jednotě bratrské, hudební vzdělávání v dílech Komenského, hudební výchova v předškolním věku - Informatorium, hudební výchova pro starší žáky - Didactica, Komenského názory na pěveckou výchovu a duchovní píseň v bratrských sborech.
The process of musical education in Komenský’s system of education is based on a consequent connection of the theory and practice in line with the principles of modern didactics. „The School of Infancy is an example of a detailed pedagogical system worked out for the education of pre-school age infants. In the musical sphere it is an instruction for elementary vocal exercise, beginning of singing and playing an instrument. Komensky combines his didactic principles with practical musical examples and he arrived at a distinguishing between active and receptive musical activities. While Komensky emhasized the importance of music in the pre-school education, he attached naturally increased importance to it in the educational process. In his system it forms organic part of teaching in all school grades. Its purpose and educational objectives are best explained in his Great Didactics implicating the requirement of close connection between aesthetic and ethical education. In his view the pupil have to master certain amount of practical musical knowledge, the fundaments of musical theory, solmization and singing at sight, later also the fundaments of musical composition and playing a musical instrument. The preface to Komensky’s Hymnbook (1659) is an important source of information, presenting Komensky as a theoretician of sacred hymns.