Page: 39-50 Author: Opravilová, E., Kropáčková, J. Key words: preschool upbringing, preschool education, nursery school, personality of the child, the goal of pre-school upbringing, the content of pre-school education, conditions of upbringing, socialisation, stimulation, acceleration, spontaneous play, directed play, space for play, toy, aid
The article analyses changes in the approach to upbringing and education in the pre-school period. Personality-orientated educational practice is characterised as a response to the specific needs of the pre-school child, among which play forms the main formative and value-generating constant. The article explores the atmosphere and wider context of the conditions that contemporary society creates for the play of the pre-school child and points out the risks of failure to fulfil this need.