This overview article is a reflection on the sixty years of the development of educational faculties in Czechoslovakia (later the Czech Republic). It is made up of three parts. First there is an outline of the historical context: the efforts to develop teacher training under the 1st Republic, the continuing efforts after the end of the Second World War, the complicated situation in the fifties and sixties, the tough period of „Normalisation“, The article argues that in 938,1948, and 1968 continuity in development was repeatedly broken, first from the outside and then from inside the country. The first part ends with a summary of the typical features of faculties training teachers in Czechoslovakia, especially faculties of education prior to 1989.
The second part of the article is devoted to the period since 1989. It describes the external factors that have influenced the transformation in teacher training (the au-tonomy of higher educational institutions, the establishment of regional universities, changes in university funding, the accredita-tion of universities and faculties, the adop-tion of the Bologna Declaration). It also takes an overall look at the internal factors that have also had an effect on the development of education faculties (complicated initial personnel situation, centrifugal tendencies inside faculties, the search for a new form of subject didactics, the introduction of non-teaching fields, the complicated psychological-social atmosphere inside the faculties). The second part concludes with a summary of the distinctive features of faculties of education after 1989.
The third part of the article looks at con-temporary development. It draws attention to sensitive points relating to growth in Czech faculties of education: the form and standard of doctoral programmes, the complicated structure of qualifications in teaching bodies, problems with academic and study literature, lack of cultivation of independence, responsibility, skills and self-regulation both among students at educational faculties and among pupils in schools.