The paper provides contemporary view of the Oedipus conflict. This term is here presented not only as solely psychoanalytical term, but as a valuable concept for understanding of the development of human psyche. A brief overview of the history o f Oedipus complex and its relation to sexuality is provided. In the paper there is discussion concerning two-fold charakter of Oedipus conflict. For the purpose of understability are divided two intertwined dimensions - relational and that choice of sexual object. The ability to enter into the Oedipal situation is understood as a sign of normal psychical development in our culture. Importance of the ability to solve Oedipal situation in relation to the development of interpersonal relationships and triangular structure of the mind is presented.