Gustav Adolph Lindner (1828—1887), the first professor of philosophy and pedagogics at the Czech University in Praque after the year 1882, the founder of the pedagogical seminar of Prague University, cannot be as the founder of modern Czech pedagogics indicated in a simplified way a follower of Herbart. Lindner continued Herbart’s work in the fields of ethics, psychology, and pedagogics in a sense of supplementing this work substantially with stimuli of his own; these stimuli were derived from the doctrines of Komenský, A. Diesterweg and H. Spencer as well as from his own rich educational experience and experiences of other significant teachers. Here an extensive work in the German and Czech languages are in question whose base is the intersectorial (philosophical, sociological, ethical, aestetical, pedagogical, and already also biological and fysiological) approach to the educational phenomena.
On the base of the contemporary discussion in the GDR on one side, in the German Federal Republic on the other side Herbart’s heritage is being evaluated in a differentiated way as a heritage of a classic of the bourgeois pedagogics and of a founder of pedagogics as a science. The scientific school of Herbart’s followers at German universities is not connected with a passive developing of that heritage only, and the so called school herbartism is linked not only with the German pedagogics of the second half of the 19th century but also with the school-systems in the Austrian-Hungarian monarchy and other countries of Europe and North America.
Here a set of problems is in question which is still open, and is being made more precise, also in the direction to J. F. Herbart’s and herbartism in Czech lands.