Under the influence of deep-rooted feudalism the obsolete, psychologically unsuitable syllabication method of reading at the elementary stage was persistently maintained in Central Europe. Among the Czechoslovak educationalists Jan Amos Komenský (Comenius) blazed the trail to the progressive spelling method as early as the 17th century. In the spirit of his ideas the first Slovak primer based on the spelling method was written by Pavol Doležal . The first edition of 1742 is completely unknown. The second edition of 1751 has been preserved in a copy at the National Museum in Budapest.
Doležal derives the letters of the alphabet arranged In the alphabetic order from suggestive pictures of a secular character, accompanied by optimistic rhymes. The pictures and verses can also be used for elementary schooling. On the occasion of 210th anniversary of the edition of this primer we recall Its revolutionary, progressive character, in the history of the methodology of elementary reading in Slovakia. Its political significance consists in the fact that Doležal, following up the national traditions of Comenlus, helped to build by his progressive work a higher Social order — the capitalist system.