In Czechoslovakia, we have begun to tackle the problem of large-scale construction of school buildings, especially those for General Education Schools. The Third Five- Year Plan alone envisages the construction of schools providing places for 707,000 pupils in 17,500 classrooms. By 1970 teaching in shifts will have been done away with, and by the end of 1980 general education schools will be in new buildings. Large-scale building programme has also been started in the field of Trade and Technical Schools and Universities. Adequate buildings are being planned all over the territory of our State for children of pre-school'age, for orphans, and for the youth requiring special care.
The manner of laid-out construction chosen by the Ministry of Education and Culture for the working out of new basic types for the building of schools corresponds to the new conception of our general educational school as well as to the general educational and hygienic requirements. One- and two-floor schols buildings correspond better to the stage of the child’s development than vertical buildings, sometimes with as many as five flors. As a results it is possible to group children according to age-groups, to isolate them and differentiate their daily school time-table and routine. They contribute to forming contacts between pupils and their environment both during the lessons and during the intervals. The laid-out manner of construction makes it possible for school buildings to be divided according to the purpose they are to serve: one building containing normal and possibly specialized classrooms, another containing the noisy part of the school with P. T. rooms, workshops and rooms for musical instruction, and another for after-school care, dining-halls and the school management.
A complex research will be organized at experimental schools with a view to checking also the material conditions necessary for achieving the alms of our g®' neral education school. Experience gained at experimental schools will serve to Increase the utility and economy of the new types of school buildings, to design new types of school furniture,, and to select modern teaching aids.