(CZ) Zástoj ROH v bojoch o jednotnú a štátnu školu v ČSR v rokoch 1945-1948
(EN) The Role Played by the Revolutionary Trade Union Movement in the Struggle for a Unified State School in Czechoslovakia in the Years 1945-1948
Autor / Author: Červinka, J.
Klíčová slova / Key words:
Important helpers of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia in its struggle for a peaceful transition from the national democratic revolution to the socialist revolution in the years 1945-1948 were some working people’s organizations, mainly the Revolutionary Trade Union Movement. The trade unions played a significant part in the democratization of the education system, in the struggle of the progressive forces headed by the Communists for the construction of a state, lay, free, and socially just all-in school.
Unlike the situation existing in the period between the two World Wars, when teachers in Czechoslovakia were split up into i) number of trade union centres, the year 1945 saw the emergence of a single trade union organization of educationists, teachers of all grades including university professors and researchers — the Union of Employees in Education and Science — which came into being as an organic part of the Revolutionary Trade Union Movement.
The Author of the study, using the periodicals and newspapers of the 1945-1948 period and materials from the archives of the Central Council of Trade Unions in Prague, traces the development of the trade union activities in the struggle with the political and cultural reaction for a new school.
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