(CZ) K některým otázkám přestavby vysoké školy
(EN) Some Questions Concerning the Reform of the University
Autor / Author: Martinic, J.
Klíčová slova / Key words:
The reform of the university Is not any partial reform affecting only university studies but It must be understood In Its wider social meaning.
The author critically reviews the development of the university after 1945 and points out that the main shortcoming of the present-day university is Its Isolation from life and production He comes to the conclusion that it is necessary to change the content as well as the forms and methods of work at the universities in a revolutionary way.
In the next part of the article the author deals with some questions regarding the principles of the reform:
1. He puts in the first place the question of the partisan spirit of university education and instruction, and stresses the leading role of the Communist Party In education,
2. He underlines the importance of enabling working people to study without
interrupting employment from two aspects: in the first place he raises the question of acquiring university education in the big enterprises also outside the scope of the traditional system of universities, in the second place he states the principle that extension courses of study provided by the traditional universities for people in employment must become a permanent and organic part of university life, and this must be placed on an absolutely equal footing with the regular form of study.
3. He lays stress on the connection of instruction with productive labour and pronounces the principle that the building of socialism and communism must become the source and the starting point, the criterion and the aim of all activities in the universities. He devotes particular attention to the significance of direct productive labour as a source of knowledge.
4. In conclusion, he deals with some problems concernmg the connection of instruction with productive work:
a) He show that the starting point of the reform must be a new conception of the content of the studied subject, a reappraisal of the existing content and extent of the subiect-matter the finding of the correct proportion between theoretical and practical instruction and productive labour, and he stresses the question of basic subject-matter at the university.
b) As to the forms of connecting instruction with productive labour, the author underlines the demand that this connection should be organic and functional.
c) In the questions of politico-educational work it will be essential to take the necessary measures to raise the effectiveness ot the instruction in Marxism-Leninism so as to make it a real guide In the actions of people engaged in fulfilling the tasks of construction.
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