The communication is a contribution to the discussion about the role of education in democratization of society which is now becoming important in the economic, social and political changes of East European countries. It takes into account that the deficits of public debate in science and the prevailing impact of monopolistic nature of political power helped to preserve the traditional concepts of science and professionality and blocked the reception of new approaches to science and its educational role being more adequate for modern democratic societies. That is why the communication attempts to explain how the cognitive and practical aspects of modern science development have been shaped. In particular it is discussed how the leading aim of modern science to educate and learn a man in order to enable its growth and cultural change document the leading forms of growth of educational role of science. At the same time they indicate how science has become de-centered and deconcentrated in order to orient the growth of research potential to valuable human aims. The consequent coceptual implications about the nature of science and its institutional framework are discussed. In particular such points of the interaction of scientific and educational institutions are stressed which have been weakened or abolished in the system of monopolistic power.