After establishing diplomatic contacts between the Czechoslovak Republic and the Soviet Union (9.6.1934) an era of intensive school contacts was started. In the years 1934—1935 mass teachers excursions come to the Soviet Union. Besides that professional educational interests were followed the participants of the excursions paid attention to political, economic and cultural conditions in the country. The progressive teachers’ excursions were accepted by the progressive public with admiration and sympathies.
The study in question pays attention to the period of great interest paid to the Soviet school and pedagogics during which direct contacts in the form of excursions and study stays were realized. Immediately after establishing diplomatic contacts the Soviet Union was visited by Moravian teachers led by professor Jan Uher. After him, in spring 1935, there was an experimental schools teachers’ journey aimed at the establishing of relations with the Soviet schools and pedagogical institutions.
The results of both excursions were made use of in the educational practice and in a rich lecturing activity. In the summer of 1935 mass excursions were organized by the Society for Economic and Cultural Contacts with the U.S.S.R. Its pedagogical section held meetings and lectures also for educationalists. The Czechoslovak- Soviet connections of the years 1934—1935 contributed significantly to the forming of a progressive educational orientation and to the strenghthening of the left-wing fight against the facism.