(CZ) Boj o jednotnou školu v Národním shromáždění v Československé republice v letech 1945-1948
(EN) Struggle for a Unified Education System in the Czechoslovak National Assembly in the Years 1945-1948
Autor / Author: Maurová, M.
Klíčová slova / Key words:
One of the forums where in the 1945—1948 period struggle was being waged for a unified state education system was the National Assembly. It was in this legislative body that the ideas about a new organization and character of the education system were to be put into effect in the form a new Education Act. In discussions on the principles of the governm ent’s education policy both at the plenary sessions of the National Assembly and at the meetings of its education committee, the question was not only to give new Education Bill a concrete form, but also, in a brodly based discussion to formulate the conception and to clarify the standpoints of individual political groups regarding the character of the future school system.
The period of the struggle in the N ational Assembly for the passage of the Education Bill based on the principles of a unified state school system can be roughly divided into two stages. The first stage is the Provisional National Assembly’s work ending with the election of the Constituent National Assembly in May 1946. It can be said that in this period the preparation of the Education Bill on the principles of a unified state school system was backed by all the parties of the Socialistist block. Spokesmen for the forces of reaction in that period were primarily the Slovak Dem ocratic MPs and the main target of the reactionary forces’ attack was state school principle. But activation of the right-wing forces in the People’s Party and the national Socialist Party had already become apparent in connection wtih the pre-election campaign. The opposition of the rightist forces made itself fully felt during the period of the Constituent Assembly’s work. The reaction’s a ttacks in that period concetrate on the principle of a unified school system. The unified school principle is no longer understood as a predominantly organizational principle, but primarily as a question of the ideological orientation of the future school.
As a matter of fact, the struggle for the character of school in the years 1945—1948 proved to be an im portant part of the political struggle accom panying the process of transition from the national and democratic revolution to a socialist revolution.
In writing this study the author used materials in the archives of the Federal National Assembly, shorthand reports of sessions of the Provisional National Assembly and the Constituent National Assembly and records of education committee meetings of the Provisional and Constituent National Assemblies.
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